澳门新葡亰娱乐在线


贰零壹伍考研情绪学职业复习宝典,心境发展的核心难题
澳门新葡亰娱乐在线 17
人工智能高校了解一下

2016考研英语,名师手记

图片 1
扫码关切考研圈Wechat

第十四讲 轻松句、并列句和复合句

图片 2

  • 2014年考研国家线已发布
  • 34校二〇一六考研复试线已揭露
  • 2014全国外市球科高校调护医疗新闻平台
  • 二零一六高校考研调弄整理音讯公布办法
  • 二零一六年考研究生入学考试生发布调养意向区

风流倜傥。考试大纲须要

翻译技能中的“日月身法”

  语法知识点1

试验大纲必要考生能正确决断句子的连串、分析句子结构、结合语境和句意选拔适宜的连续几日词语、判定主语和从句的正确性语序、妥帖采纳主句和从句谓语动词的时态。

且看它们有多种要,看图别看笔者:

  1.as…as.。。指引的可比级:(1)“as +形容词或副词原级+
as+被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you.
他像你雷同学习努力。

二。命题导向

图片 3

  (2)在否定句或难点句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as
fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

高等高校统一招考对简易句、并列句和复合句的试验首要不外乎:句子的结构、连词的挑选、从句与主句的谓语动词的时态、主语和从句的语序、一些习于旧贯用语和极其的句式应用。

暗紫圈出豆蔻梢头部分~~

  2.only引导的倒装句型:only +状语
(或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

三。复习要点

图片 4

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life. 
独有努力、正直,一人在生活中技术成功。 

1.简练句、并列句和复合句

字不重大,看图~~

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to
work out the problem.  唯有那位女人知道什么样解那道题。

① 句子种类两种分类法

何人通晓as、v+ing、with,何人就得练神功。那多少个效果与利益词怎么用啊?且看下文,笔者只是个搬运工。有亟待的相爱的人,动动你的手指头,复制、粘贴、打字与印刷。我是你的好爱人曾沐!

  3.wish辅导的设想语气:wish
后边的从句,今世表与实际相反的情形,或意味着以往不太或许实现的意愿时,其宾语从句的动词情势为: 

服从句子的用项,罗马尼亚(罗曼ia卡塔尔国语的句子可分:汇报句(肯定、否定)、疑问句(常常、特殊、接纳、反意)、祈使句、惊讶句等多样。

小说结尾处有彩蛋~~不谢!

  ⑴代表对现行反革命状态的虚构:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be
的与世长辞式用were.   

遵照句子的布局可分:轻易句并列句和复合句三种。

一、as的用法

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.   
小编梦想知道这几个标题标答案。(缺憾不知道。) 

简短句独有二个主语或并列主语和多少个谓语或并列谓语。并列句由并列连词and,
but,
or,so等)或分行(;)把多个或多个以上的粗略句连在一齐构成。复合句:含有贰个或多个上述从句的语句。复合句包罗:状语从句名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)和定语从句等三种。

1.as用作连词辅导时刻状语从句

  ⑵表示对过去景况的设想:从句动词用had +过去分词。 

② 并列句的归类

as与when,while都以指导时间状语从句的从属连词,含义都以“当……的时候”。

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time. 
作者后悔不应该浪费这么多时间。( 实际寒本草述浪费掉了。) 

一碗水端平句指把四个生机勃勃律主要的句子连接在同步,句子之间常用and, not only…but
also…, neither…nor…, then等并列连词连接。

但它们有区别

  ⑶代表对以往的莫明其妙意愿:谓语动词形式为“would/ should/ could/ might
+动词原形”。在此种情形下,主句的主语与从句的主语不能够同意气风发,因为主句的主语所企盼的从句动作能不能落到实处,决定于从句主语的神态或希望(非动作名词除此之外)
。 

表示接纳涉及常用的连词有:or, either…or…, otherwise等

用when时,从句的动作可以与主句的动作同期发出,也足以先于主句的动作产生;

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能甘休。 

意味着转会关系常用的连词有:but, still, however, yet, while, when等。

用while时,从句的动作为风流倜傥进程,主句动作与从句动作同有的时候间张开或在从句动作进度中发出;

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用
would,能够代表央浼,经常意味着说话人的不适或不满。

意味着因果关系常用的连词有:so, for, therefore等。

用as时,主句和从句的动作同有时候爆发,具备持续的含义。

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  作者愿意您安然一些。 

2.状语从句:

例如:

  4.it格局宾语:和it 作情势主语同样,  我们常用it 来作情势宾语,
把真正的宾语从句放在句末, 这种状态越来越出以往带复合宾语的句子中。

(1)状语从句的归类

(1)It was snowing when he arrived at the construction site.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in.
他注脚她不会屈性格很顽强在艰难险阻或巨大压力面前不屈。 

状语从句经常修饰主句的动词或任何句子,由从属连词辅导,隶属连词在从句中不担任句子元素。依据状语从句所宣布的两样含义和效果与利益,可分为时间、地方、原因、条件、目的、结果、妥洽、相比较、格局等状语从句。

她到达工地时,天正在下雪。

  5.The+比较级,the+比较级  表示“越….。。越….。。”。

(2)连接状语从句的辞藻

(2)He was watching TV while his mother was cooking.

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will
become。大家越惊恐艰难,困难就能够变得越强大。

岁月状语从句:when, whenever每当……,after, before, as, as soon as,
hardly/ scarcely…when…, no sooner…than.。.大器晚成……就……,while, till,
until, since, once。名词词组the first time第三遍,last
time最终三回,every/each time每便,the next time后一次,the next
day第二天, the moment, the minute, the second, the instant
意气风发……就……;副词immediately, instantly, directly等也可作连词使用。

他阿妈做饭时他在看TV。

  语法知识点2

原因状语从句:because, since, as, now that。

(3) You will grow wiser as you grow older.

  1. 宾语从句:平常难点句做宾语,引进if或whether

地方状语从句:where,wherever(无论那里)。

你会趁机年华的进步而越是聪明。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

低头状语从句: no matter who/whom/what/which/how/when/where, though,
although, as, even if /even though, whatever, whoever, however,
wherever, whenever等。

2.as用作连词指点案由状语从句

  2. 原因状语从句:since教导的

原则状语从句: if, unless, as/so long as(要是;只要),in case (万豆蔻梢头);
on condition that(倘若), suppose, supposing, providing, provide。

as,because,since都可以表示因果关系,连接原因状语从句,含义是“因为,由于”。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

目的状语从句:in order that (为了),so that (以便)。

但它们有区别

  3. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely…when。.

正如状语从句:(not) as/so…as…,than…, the more…the more…(越……越……)
指导。

because表示的意在言外最强;

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

办法状语从句:as(正如;根据),as if/as though (好像)指点。

as平日位于句首,语气较弱,较口语化;

  4. If虚构条件句

结果状语从句: so that (结果是), so/such…that (如此……以致于)。

since日常用在书面语中,表示多为对方已知的、或稍加剖析便可查出的因由,不常可译作”既然”。

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could +动原
跟过去事实相反 had+done would/should/might/could+have done
跟将来事实相反 should+动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could +动原

(3)从句中的语序

例如:

  5. 宾语从句:放在介词后边,作介词的宾语。

复合句中国和东瀛常采用陈诉语序。可是,在底下的三种情状下,状语从句多接纳倒装语序:

(1) He will succeed because he is in earnest.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in
Shanghai。

①当连词as,
though连接妥协状语从句时,作表语的名词、形容词、动词常常置于句首,构成都部队分倒装语序。举例:

她自然会马到成功,因为他很认真。

  6.状语从句轻便(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语大器晚成致,状从轻松采取分词作者状语。例句:

Much as I have traveled, I have never seen anyone who’s as capable as
John。

(2) Since you are so sure of ithe”ll believe you.

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because
we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

Try as she might, Carol couldn’t get the door open。

既是你对此如此有把握,他会相信您的。  

  语法知识点3

Strange though it may seem, I like housework。

(3) As rain has fallen, the air is cooler.

  1.并列句:由and, or , but连接的多个句子成为并列句。

②在so/such…that.。.结果状语从句中,so+形容词/副词或such+名词置于句首时,主句选取局地倒装语序。举例:

因为下过雨,空气相比舒心。

  2.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 +sb
表示“前者景况适用于世世代代”。例句:

So successful was her business that Marie was able to set up new
branches elsewhere.

3.as作连词指导拗不过状语从句

  You are a student, so am I。

Such was the force of the explosion that windows were blown out。

as与although (或though),however (或no matter
how)等都得以教导妥协状语从句,含义是“虽然,尽管”。

  3.定语从句 who引导的节制性定从。例句:

③在hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than.。.句式中,把hardly/scarcely/no
sooner置于句首时,第二个分句选择局地倒装语序,即把首个分句用陈说语序。比如:

但它们有区别

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English
?你还记得教大家克罗地亚语的可怜女孩啊?

Scarcely had he sat down when there was a knock at the door。

although语气稍正式些,可放在句首,也可放在句中,主句中不能够再用but,但能够用yet;

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

④ however与形容词、副词一齐指点妥洽状语从句,句子采纳陈诉语序。比方:

as所表示的口吻较强,辅导的投降状语从句用倒装语序;

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to
rain tomorrow。

However amusing the story is, I have to put it away and focus my
attention on study this week。

however教导妥协状语从句时,它的前面可跟形容词或副词,也要用倒装语序。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will
continue to be rejected。

⑤ 在the
+相比较级the+相比级句式中,只是把形容词或副词置于句首,句子仍旧采纳汇报语序。举例:Education
is about learning and the more you learn, the more equipped for life you
are。

例如:

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since
的分裂之处在于,now that
引出的必需是一个新现身的事实或状态,即便依旧照旧,和千古对待并从未生成,则毫不
now that 辅导。

(4)从句和主句中谓语动词的时态

(1) Although he is quite old, he still jogs every day.

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the
new task at
once。既然大家把装有素材都筹划好了,大家理应及时起初那项新的事业。

在复合句中,主句和从句的谓语动词时态平日依照以下的原理:

他虽说年纪比异常的大,如故天天慢跑。

  7. 缘故状从:for的用法。由because
指导的从句假诺放在句末,且前边有逗号,则足以用并列连词 for
来替代。但要是还是不是表明直接原因,而是各种情状再说忖度,就只能用 for
。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill.
他后天没来,因为他病倒了。

①表示“同有时候”意义的连词as, when, as soon as, the moment, while
等三番三回的岁月状语从句,主句和从句时态基本生龙活虎致。比如:As time passed,
things seemed to get worse。

(2) Strange as it may seem, nobody was injured in the accident.

  8. 缘由状从:as 的用法。例句:The 新嘉坡 passengers begin to
decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。


表示“未来”意义的标准、时间和迁就状语从句中多用平常未来时,而主句用平日以往时,被堪当“主将从现”。比方:汤姆won’t go to sleep unless his mother tells him a story。

此次竟然就算显得让人不敢相信 无法相信,却未有人受伤。

  9. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will
be our next president。

Once I get him a job, he’ll be fine。

as, though表示“虽然……但是”,“纵使……”之意。

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:


since引导的时日状语从句多用一般过去时,而含有since从句的主句经常用今日产生时。举例:I
haven’t met her since I left university。

as指导的妥协状语从句必得以局部倒装的花样现身,被倒装的部分可以是表语、状语或动词原形,though间或也用于这样的组织中,但although不可能如此用。

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes
competition. 合资化的帮助和益处在于能推进相互角逐。

④在句式hardly/scarcely…when…, no
sooner…than…中,第三个分句中过去形成时,第二个分句用平时过去时。比方:She
had hardly sat down when the phone rang。

例如:

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch
the first bus。

⑤ 在as if/though
辅导的状语从句中,假若表示豆蔻年华种与真情相反浮夸,从句多用日常过去时或过去做届期。举个例子:She
stared at me as though I were a complete stranger。

Object as you may, I’ll go.

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

(5)状语从句的简要

(=Though/Although you may object, I’ll go.)

当从句的主语与主句的主语雷同不经常候,被动结构的状语从句,可归纳与主句雷同的主语和助动词,保留连词+过去分词;主动组织的状语从句,可归纳与主句相像的主语和助动词,保留连词+今后分词。譬喻:We
all know that, if not carefully dealt with, the situation will get
worse。

即便你批驳,笔者也要去。

Though lacking money, his parents managed to send him to university。

Hard as/ though he works, he makes little progress. (=Though he works
hard, he makes little progress.)

(6)状语从句被用于重申组织中

纵然他学习很尽力,但大致没拿到怎么样发展。   Child as/though he was, he
knew what was the right thing to do.(=Though he was a child, he knew
what was the right thing to do.卡塔尔

状语从句作为被重申有个别用于强调协会时,生机勃勃律用It is/was
…that…,不可能用when代替that。句子用陈说语序。注意:当重申Not until
+时间/时间状语时,主句的谓语动词不再行使倒装语序。比方:It was not until
the war was over that the soldier was able to return home。

虽说她是三个子女,但她清楚该做什么样。

  1. 名词性从句

Fast as you read, you can’t finish the book so soon.

(1)名词性从句分类:

纵让你读得快,你也不能够这么快读完那本书。

遵照在句中的效用,名词性从句分为:主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句两种。

(3) However hard he may try, he will not attain his goal.

(2) 名词性从句的连接词

无论是她怎么努力也达不到指标。

名词性从句的连接词可分为三类:that无词义,在从句中不担负令分,有时可被回顾;表示“是还是不是”用whether,唯有在宾语从句中,whether可被人if代替。Whether和if在从句中不担当元素。如果从句缺乏主语、表语、宾语、或定语等句子成分,用一连代词what,
whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose,
which;假若从句缺少状语,用三翻五次副词when, where, how, why。

4.as作关系代词的用法

出于连续代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,由此从句中谓语不用难点语序。连接代词与连接副词在从句充任句子成分,而一而再词whether
和if(是或不是),在从句中不担负句子成分,只起连年功用。

事关代词as指点定语从句时,不仅能够独立采纳,也足以与任何词连用,其用法要比that和which更为复杂。

(3) 名词性从句中的特殊时态

(1卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)as指点定语从句与此外词连用

① 在以下两种主语从句中,主语从句的谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,
should可粗略。

①用于the same…as结构中

(1)It is+形容词+that…句型。听而不闻的形容词有important, necessary, natural,
funny, strange, surprising, astonishing(令人离奇的)等。

This is the same book as I read last week.

(2) It is +名词+that…句型。司空见惯的名词有pity, shame, advice, suggestion,
proposal(建议,提议), requirement, request, desire, order等。

那本书和本人下11日读的那本是如出风流罗曼蒂克辙。

(3) It is+动词的过去分词+ that…句型。视而不见的动词有advise, order, propose,
request, suggest, demand, require等。

②用于such…as结构中

②在insist(持有始有终), urge (督促), order(命令), command(命令),
suggest(建议),advise(提议),recommend(建议,推荐),
request(央求,必要),
demand(必要),require(供给,需求)等动词后的宾语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,
should可粗略。

I don”t like such books as he recommends.

③ 在富含advice, order, demand, proposal(指出), requirement,
suggestion等名词的表语从句、同位语从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可回顾。

自个儿抵触她推荐的那三个书。

④在大器晚成部分意味惊呆、耐性等激情色彩的名词性从句中,谓语动词用“should+动词原形”或“should
+have done”,译为“竟然,居然”。比如:

③用于”so +adj. + a/an + n. (单数) + as “结构中

I am surprised /shocked that you should speak in such a way。

I am not so strong a man as I was.

I find it astonishing that he should be so rude to his mum。

本人曾经未有过去那么强壮了。

It is strange /surprising that she should not have been invited。

(2卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)as单独辅导定语从句
as单独辅导定语从句时,先行词能够是叁个词,也能够是叁个句子或短语。

I am glad that your story should have won the first prize。

例如:

  1. 定语从句

(1) She is late, as is often the case.

(1)定语从句的分类

她迟到了,那是时断时续的事。

定语从句分为约束性定语从句非节制性定语从句三种。约束性定语从句对先行词起修饰和限量功能,而非节制性定语从句对先行词起补充和阐述表达效果与利益。平日约束性定语从句与先行词之间一直不逗号,而非约束性定语从句与先行词之间有逗号隔绝。

(先行词是成套主句)

(2)定语从句的涉嫌代词和涉及副词

(2) To shut your eyes to facts, as many of you do, is foolish.

定语从句平时由关系代词和涉及副词教导。关系代词有:who, whom, whose,
which, that, as;关系副词有:when, where,
why。关系代词和涉嫌副词必需放在从句之首,主句的先行词之后,起着接连几日来先行词和从句的效果,同时在从句中又当作句子成分。

对实际嗤之以鼻–你们好两人都以如此的呆滞。

(3)关系代词和涉嫌副词的用法:

(先行词是不定式短语)

①抢先行词为人时用who
作主语,whom作宾语;②超过行词为物或任何句卯时用which,可作主语或宾语;③优先词为人、物时用that
,可作主语或宾语;④ whose用作定语,可指人或物;⑤
关系副词when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语;⑥where(指地点,在定语从句中作位置状语);why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语。

5.as作介词的用法 as作介词,意思是”作为”,”以……身份”

(4)限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句的区别

例如:

①限定性定语从句:从句与主句关系紧凑,去掉从句,主句意义残破,以致不合逻辑。譬喻:I
was the only person in our office who was
invited。(去掉定语从句,句意就缺损)

He came to China as a tourist five years ago.


非限定性定语从句:从句与先行词关系不稳重,去掉定从句,意思照旧安然无事。情势上用逗号隔开分离,不能够that用带领。举个例子:His
movie won several awards at the film festival, which was beyond his
wildest dream. (去掉定语从句,主句的意趣仍完整)

她三年前以旅客之处来过中国。

(5)使用定语从句时需注意的多少个难点

6.as作副词的用法 to the same degree or amount; equally
“相同地”,”同样地”。

①用that而不用 which的情况:先行词为不定代词all, anything, nothing,
much…;先行词有参天级修饰,有序数词修饰;先行词有only, very,
any等词修饰;先行词既有人又有物时。举例:There is nothing that can
prevent him from doing it。

例如:

The first place that they visited in Guilin was Lijing。

They don”t have as many airplanes.

This is the best coffee maker that I have ever been made。

她俩未有同样多的飞机。

Mr Smith is the only foreigner teacher that he knows。

二、动词ing方式的用法

② 用which而不用
that的事态:携带非约束性定语从句;指代整个主句的情致;用于介词 的前面+
关系代词。举个例子:Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, which used to be
poorly run, is now a successful business. For many cities in the world,
there is no room to spread our further, of which New York is an
example。

一)Ving形式作定语

③ 关系代词as的用法

分词短语作定语时,放在被修饰的名词之后;

a. 当现行反革命词为 the same
+名词,such+名词时,要用关系代词as引导定语从句。比方:

单个分词作者定语时,放在被修饰的名词从前。

I want to buy the same shirt as yours。

例如:

Such machines as are used in our workshop are made in Germany。

The man standing by the window is our teacher. Many frightened people
rushed out of the burning building.  

b.
as可代替主句的剧情,指导的非节制性定语从句既可放在主句在此之前,也可放在主句之后。常用来下列句型:as
is known to all, as is said, as is reported, as is announced, as we all
know, as I expect 等。举个例子: He got the first place again in this
mid-term examination, as we expected。

Ving作定语首要代表动作和用处。

c. as 携带非限定性定语从句时与which的区分

  1. 意味着动作(主动的、举办的动作卡塔尔。

当主句和从句语义生龙活虎致时,用as指点;反之,用which来辅导非限定性定语从句;当非限定订语从句为否定意义时,常用which指点。比如:

a waiting car = the car that is waiting

He made a long speech, as we expected。

a sleeping child 入眠的子女

He made a long speech, which was unexpected。

The girl standing there is my sister.

④关联代词在从句中作主语时,从句的谓语动词单数依旧用复数应由先行词决定。比如:

站在当年的女孩是自身的姐妹。

The man who lives downstairs makes it a rule to run in the park in the
morning。

[注意]今天分词作者定语时,它表示的动作是正值开展或与谓语动词所表示的动作差不离同有的时候间发出,即使四个动作有先有后,日常不可能用未来分词作者定语,而要用定语从句。

⑤ 引导定语从句的涉及副词不时可以用“介词 + which”来代替。举个例子:

比方: The teacher criticized the student who had broken the window.
先生切磋了打破窗户的学员。

October 1, 1949 was the day on which (= when) the new China was
founded。

  1. 表示用项:

⑥在”介词+关系代词”结构中,关系代词只可以用which和whom,且无法大约;假如介词在句末,关系代词可用which,
that, whom, 口语中也可用who,且可回顾。比方:

the waiting room = the room for waiting 候车室

The man (whom/ who/ that) you were talking about is proves to be
friendly。

a working method 职业章程

上一页12345678910下一页

He has a reading room. 他有三个书屋。

更加多高等学园统一招考信息请访谈:高等校园统一招生考试频道 高考论坛 高等学园统一招考博客圈 高考贴吧

【比较】

过去分词作定语:及物动词的过去分词表示被动,不比物动词的过去分词表示动作兵贵神速。
 

例如:

That is the book written by Lu Xun. 那是周豫才写的书。

He is a returned student. 他是一个回国的留学子。

不定式作定语: 用不定式作定语,其偶然所修饰的名词、代词有: meeting,
reason, time, way, need, right, chance, decision, wish, promise,
ability, anxiety, something, anything, nothing, anybody, somebody,
thing…

例如: We have no time to lose.

我们没有的时候间(能够浪费卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)了。

That’s the plan to build the factory.

那正是建那座工厂的安插。

(二)Ving形式作宾语补足语

  1. 在keep, find, notice, have, feel, hear, see,
    leave…等动词后常用Ving格局作宾语补足语。 举个例子:

1) The boss kept the workers working the whole night.

非凡总董事长让工友自主创业地专门的职业。

2) We found the old lady lying in bed.

我们开采那老太太躺在床的上面。

  1. 在感官动词:

see, hear, look at, notice, observe, feel, find…等及利用动词:have,
make, leave, keep,
get…等后不仅能用不定式也能够用Ving方式作宾语补足语。不定式(不带
to卡塔尔表示经过或动作形成,Ving方式重申进行或及时景观。

例如:

I saw the lady crossing the street.

本人见到那位女士在过街道。

We heard her sing two songs.

咱俩听他唱了两首歌。

(三)Ving格局作主语
Ving格局具备动词和名词的性子,在句中起名词效率,可作主语。   Seeing is
believing.千闻不及一见。

It is no use arguing with him.

和他争辨并未有用。

Ving情势作主语常用于下列句型:

【句型1】It is + 名词(或形容词卡塔尔 + 动名词 It is + no use /no  good/ a
waste of time so nice+ crying there.doing that.

例如:

1) It’s a waste of time waiting here. 在那等是浪费时间。

2) It’s so nice talking to you. 很快乐和您讲讲。

【句型2】 There is no + 动名词    

举例: There is no stopping of him. 不可能阻挡他。

There was no telling of the difference. 一点都不大概加以区分。

【注意】

① Ving方式和不定式都足以作主主语,Ving格局作主语表示日常或抽象的
多次性行为,不定式作主语往往代表具体的或三次性的动作。

例如:

Playing with fire is dangerous.(泛指玩火卡塔尔

To play with fire will be dangerous.(指黄金年代呼之欲出动作卡塔尔

但在It is no use / good, not any use / good, useless
等后必须用Ving情势。

② Ving方式作主语,谓语动词用单数。

如: Forgetting the past means betrayal.

遗忘过去就象征戴绿帽子。

(四卡塔尔国Ving情势作表语
Ving方式具备形容词和名词的质量,在句中可作表语。作表语用的Ving格局有二种:

大器晚成种用作名词,大器晚成种用作形容词。

用作名词时,表达主语的剧情,就此提问时,用what ;

用作形容词时,表达主语的表征,用how实行咨询。

例如:

Her favourite job is teaching English.→ What is her favourite job?   It
is interesting to read such a story. → How is it to read such a story?

(五)Ving方式作宾语
Ving格局具有动词和名词的质量,在句中起名词功用,可作宾语。

He is fond of playing football. I like swimming.
他很心爱足球,小编爱怜游泳。

【注意】①admit, appreciate, avoid,consider, delay, dislike, enjoy,
escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, give up, imagine, include,
keep, mention, mind, miss, practise, put off, resist, risk, suggest,
can’t help, can’t stand等动词后方可用Ving方式作宾语,但不可能用不定式。

②forget, go on, like, mean, regret, remember, stop,
try等动词可带Ving方式或不定式作宾语,但意义上有差异。

试比较:

I remember doing the exercise.

本人记念做过练习。

I must remember to do it.

作者必得记着做这件事。

I tried not to go there.

自家灵机一动不去这里。

I tried doing it again.

自己试着又干了三遍。

Stop speaking.  

实际不是说话。

He stopped to talk.

他停下来讲话。

I mean to come early today.

自己计划昨天来早些。

Missing the train means waiting for another hour.

误了这趟轻轨意味着再等多个钟头。

③在allow, advise, forbid, permit
等动词后一向跟动词作宾语时,要用Ving格局,假诺前边著名词或代词作者宾语,然后在跟动词作者宾语补足语时,其宾语补足语用带to的不定式。

例如:

We don’t allow smoking here. we don’t allow students to smoke.

④动词need, require,
want作“必要”解,其后跟动词作者它的宾语时,必须用Ving情势,或不定式的被动式,那时候,Ving格局的能动格局表示被动意义。

例如:

The window needs (requires, wants) cleaning (to be cleaned).

⑤在短语devote to, look forward to, stick to, be used to, object to,
thank you for, excuse me for, be (kept) busy, be worth, have difficulty
/ trouble / problem(in), have a good / wonderful / hard time(in), feel
 like, get down to等后的动词也必须用Ving情势。

例如:

I look forward to hearing from you soon.

⑥在love, hate,
prefer等动词后用Ving格局或不定式无大的区分。但说话人有着指的时候,平常用不定式。

⑦start, begin, continue在封面语中多后接动名词,在口语中多后接不定式。

⑧在should (would) like / love等后须用不定式。

【知识进行】 Ving形式的时态和语态

  1. Ving格局的时态
    Ving方式的时态分经常式和达成式三种,借使Ving格局的动作未有明了地代表出时间是与谓语动词同有的时候候发出或在谓语动词从前产生,用Ving形式的日常式。

例如:

His coming will be of great  help to us.

即使Ving方式的动作发生在谓语动词所代表的动作在此以前,平时用Ving情势的实现时态。

例如:

I’m sorry for not having kept my promise.

  1. Ving格局的语态
    主语是其风流浪漫Ving格局所代表的动作的靶牛时,Ving格局用被动语态。

被动语态由“being + 过去分词”或“having been +
过去分词”构成,后风姿罗曼蒂克种日常制止接受。

例如:

He likes being helped.

He was afraid of being left at home.

在to be worth doing 句型中,Ving情势doing表示的是庸庸碌碌意义。

例 如:

The book is worth reading.

动词的-ing情势是立陶宛共和国(Republic of Lithuania卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)语中国和南美洲谓语动词的大器晚成种,它在句中可作主语、宾语、表语、定语、状语及补足语。

鉴于这种格局是由动词变化而来的,由此它富有动词的有的特点,就可以带自个儿的宾语和状语,进而构成动词
-ing短语。它有时态和语态的调换,也可以有否定格局及其复合结构方式。    

现以动词do为例,其变动形式如下:

复合结构情势在句中第风姿浪漫作主语和宾语。作宾语时可用代词宾格或名词普通格加上动词的-ing格局。

风流洒脱、
动词-ing方式作主语(平常指三个浮泛动作)时,它可直接置于主语地点,也得以用it作方式主语,而把作真正主语的动词-ing方式放在句子的后部。

例如:

  1. Knowing table manners will help you make a good impression.

  2. Having a cellphone also makes us feel safer, since we can call for
    help in case of an emergency.

  3. It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 4. His coming made us very happy.
    (复合结构作主语)

二、 动词-ing情势作宾语。

例如:

  1. Having good table manners means knowing how to use knives and forks,
    when to drink a toast and how to behave at the table.

  2. Do you prefer living in the zoo or living in the jungle?

  3. I really can’t understand you treating her like that.

[注意]

  1. 下列动词前边平常要用动词-ing情势作宾语。 enjoy, finish, stop, mind,
    suggest, practise, excuse(原 谅),appreciate, keep, risk(冒险), consider,
    admit, miss(错失), imagine, avoid(幸免), delay(推迟) resist, cannot
    help等。

  2. 在need, want, require, be worth 等动词(短语)后边常用动词  
     -ing的积极情势表示被动意义。

例如:

The flowers want watering.

三、 动词-ing方式作表语(常指主语的剧情、状态或品质等)。

例如:

My interests are reading  novels, playing football and singing songs.  
 

The film was so moving that we saw it twice.

四、 动词-ing形式作定语

单个的动词-ing方式作定语时,常置于所修饰的名词前边;动词-ing短语作定语时则常置于被修饰的词前面。

例如:

  1. English is the working language of most international. organizations,
    international trade and tourism.

  2. The building being built now will be our library.

五、 动词-ing形式作状语

动词-ing情势作状语时,能够象征时间、原因、伴随意况、条件、结果等。

例如:

  1. Hearing the good news, he jumped with great joy. (时间)

  2. Seeing nobody at home, he decided to leave them a note. (原因)

  3. The next moment the first wave swept her down, swallowing the garden.
    (伴随境况)

  4. In Sydney the Chinese team got 28 gold medals, ranking third of all
    the competing countries.

(结果) 注意:

  1. 动词-ing情势(短语)作状语时的几性格状。


时光性。假诺动词-ing格局所表表示的动作与谓语动词所代表的动作同期发生,则用日常式;假使动词-ing方式所代表的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作早先则选择完了式。


语态性。应思谋动词-ing情势与句子主语之间的涉及是主谓关系依然动宾关系,据此来规定语态。

③ 人称的风姿罗曼蒂克致性。动词-ing格局的逻辑主语应和语句的主语后生可畏致。

  1. 动词-ing方式前可以加when, while,
    though等附属连词,那可以算得状语从句的省略。

例如:

When drinking to someone’s health, you raise your glasses, but the
glasses should not be touched. While visiting the city, they received a
warm welcome.

六、 动词-ing形式作补足语

例如:

  1. He found the wall being painted.

  2. With so many people communicating in English every day, it will
    become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.    

普通,宾语补足语与宾语之间全数逻辑上的主谓关系,动词-ing格局作宾语补足语往往代表其动作在三回九转或举行中,用动词-ing作宾语补足语的广阔的动词有:

have, get, send, leave等应用动词;

see, hear, watch, observe, notice, catch, find, listen to,look
at等感官动词。

当这一个动词用于被动语态时,作宾语补足语的动词-ing方式就相应造成了主语补足语。

三、with的用法

with结构是大多意大利语复合结构中最常用的生龙活虎种。学好它对学好复合宾语结构、不定式复合结构、动名词复合结构和独门主格结构均能起很要紧的职能。

风流浪漫、 with结构的重新整合

它是由介词with或without+复合结构重新整合,复合结构作介词with或without的复合宾语,复合宾语中率先有个别宾语由名词或代词充任,第二有的补足语由形容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式或分词当做,分词能够是现行反革命分词,也得以是过去分词。

With结构组成艺术如下

  1. with或without-名词/代词+形容词;

  2. with或without-名词/代词+副词;

  3. with或without-名词/代词+介词短语;

  4. with或without-名词/代词+动词不定式;

  5. with或without-名词/代词+分词。

上边分别譬如:

1、 She came into the room,with her nose red because of cold.

(with+名词+形容词,作陪伴状语)

2、 With the meal over , we all went home.

(with+名词+副词,作时间状语)

3、The master was walking up and down with the ruler under his arm。

(with+名词+介词短语,作陪伴状语。)

The teacher entered the classroom with a book in his hand.

4、He lay in the dark empty house,with not a man ,woman or child to
say he was kind to me.

(with+名词+不定式,作陪伴状语)

He could not finish it without me to help him.

(without+代词 +不定式,作标准状语)

5、She fell asleep with the light burning.

(with+名词+未来分词 ,作陪伴状语)

6、Without anything left in the cupboard, she went out to get something
to eat.

(without+代词+过去分词,作为原因状语) 二、with结构的用法
在句子中with结构很多担纲状语,表示作为艺术,伴随景况、时间、原因或标准(详见上述例句)。

With结构在句中也能够作定语

例如:

1.I like eating the mooncakes with eggs.

2.From space the earth looks like a huge water-covered globe with a few
patches of land sticking out above the water.

3.A little boy with two of his front teeth missing ran into the house.

三、 with结构的表征

1.
with结构由介词with或without+复合结构重新整合。复合结构中首先有些与第二有个别语法上是宾语和宾语补足语关系,而在逻辑上,却有所主谓关系,也正是说,能够用第一片段作主语,第二片段作谓语,构成两个句子。

例如:

With him taken care of,we felt quite relieved.(欣慰)→(He was taken good
care of.)

She fell asleep with the light burning. →(The light was burning.)

With her hair gone,there could be no use for them. →(Her hair was
gone.)

  1. 在with结构中,第一片段为人称代词时,则该用宾格代词。

例如: He could not finish it without me to help him.

四、 几点表达:

  1. with结构在句子中之处:

with
结构在句中作状语,表示时间、条件、原因时常常位于句子前边,并用逗号与句子分开;表示方法和陪伴情况时平常位于句子前面,不用逗号分开。

若with结构作定语,则位于所修饰的名词之后,平常不要逗号隔离。

  1. with结构作状语时,不定式、今后分词 、和过去分词的区分:

在with结构中,不定式、以往分词作者宾补,表示积极,可是不定式表示将要发生的动作,而前段时间分词表示正在发生或发生了的动作;过去分词表示被动或成就。

例如: With the boy leading the way,we found he house easily.

(男小孩子已领过路)

With the boy to lead the way,we will find the house easily tomorrow.

(男儿童前些天将指引)He lay on the bed with the bedroom door
shut.(寝室被关着)

  1. with结构与日常的with短语的区别

with结构具备上述作用和特点,而”介词with+名词或代词(组)”组成的貌似的with短语在句子中能够作定语和状语。

作状语时,它能代表动作的主意、原因,但不能够表示时间、伴随和准则。在相像的with短语中,with前面所跟的不是复合结构,也一向未曾逻辑上的主谓关系。

  1. with结构与独立主格结构的关联:
    with结构归属独立主格结构,但在结构上,with结构由介词with或without引导,名词前有冠词、形容词、全部格代词或此外词类所修饰,结构较松懈;

而单身主格结构未有with或without指导,结构严密,名词前可用可不要修饰语。在句句法功用上,with结构得以作定语,独立主格结构则不可能;独立主格结构平时在句中作状语,但也能够作主语,而with结构则不可能。

独自己作主格在口语中一时用,往往由叁个从句替代,而with结构较口语化,较常用。

例如: There were rows of white houses with trees in front of them.

(“with+复合宾语”结构,在句中作定语)

A strong man working a whole day could not jump this high.

(名词+今后分词构成的独自主格结构,作主语)

The boy said,turning to the man,his eyes opened wide and his hand
raised.

(独立主格结构,表示伴随境况或作为格局,作状语)

Then last night,I followed him here,and climbed in,sword in hand.

(名词+介词短语构成的独立主格结构,作状语,表示伴随情形)。

剧情有一点点多,下篇作品,笔者将用大家的格局解读那八个作用词,大家的对象是最轻松易行、最有趣、最精准的解决考试之处。

其余,想要掌握别的在备考进程中,别的内容的爱人,请关切自身的别样随笔:

CATTI三级笔译备考日记(黄金年代卡塔 尔(阿拉伯语:قطر‎:真正初阶看书前,笔者做了怎么着?

CATTI德语三级笔译备考日记(二卡塔尔:汉语翻译英十大翻译本事?作者脑子笨,就不能够说得不难点,详细点?

CATTI波兰语三级笔译备考日记(三卡塔尔:请叫自个儿管家,叫自身项目老董也能够

相关文章

No Comments, Be The First!
近期评论
    功能
    网站地图xml地图